Fiction Writing Exercises for Creating Characters

fiction writing exercises

Create characters with these fiction writing exercises.

Whenever I’m working on a story idea, I spend a lot of time during the development stages making character sketches and writing backstories for my characters. I usually end up with too many of them and some characters get cut. The lucky ones get resurrected in some other story.

Some of my favorite stories are plot-driven, but character-driven stories tend to resonate with me on a deeper level, which is why I believe that regardless of plot, stories with strong and compelling character arcs are the best. They start with a character who wants something and we see the character through conflict after conflict until he or she emerges changed, usually stronger and for the better.

The most compelling characters are unique in some way and brimming with personality. But they are flawed too, and I think that oftentimes, readers find themselves more in the characters’ flaws than in their strengths.


Conversely, the least interesting characters are boring. They lack personality or their goals aren’t clear. Oftentimes, they act “out of character,” doing things that are inconsistent with their established personalities and behaviors.

Character exercises can help with all that.

Create Characters with These Fiction Writing Exercises

You can use these exercises all by themselves–create a character just for fun, and who knows? Maybe one of these exercises will lead to your next big writing project. Or you can use them to develop a character for a story you’re already working on, but keep in mind that the story itself often shapes characters, so be flexible and allow your character to change with the story. In other words, you don’t have to stick to the profile you’ve created for your character.

1. Character Backstory

I define backstory as everything that happened to the character up to the point where the narrative begins. Sometimes it helps to start at the beginning:

This character was born in a small town south of San Francisco just a few days before the 1906 Earthquake. Her mother was a schoolteacher and her father ran a general store…

The character backstory can be simple, covering the highlights and important events throughout your character’s life. It can also become rather elaborate, depending on how much detail you want to put in and how clearly the character speaks to you.

For this exercise, write a character backstory starting with your character’s birth and hitting all the major events of your character’s life up to the point where the story starts. Try to write a minimum of 1000 words.

2. Psychological Profile

As with backstory, a psychological profile can be minimal or detailed: What is your character’s greatest fear? What traumas has your character experienced and how did it shape his or her personality? Does your character have any psychological disorders or conditions?

But the most important question you ask in a psychological profile is this: What does the character want and why?

If you really want to create a character who is complex, then try identifying an internal goal, an external goal, and figure out what the stakes are. If you can come up with an internal goal and an external goal that are at odds with each other, all the better.

For example: let’s say your character’s internal goal is to improve his community and his external goal is to become a politician so he can accomplish his internal goal. In his mind, his community is at stake. Those are big stakes if the character loves the community and has deep ties to it. What happens when the character gets into politics and has to start wheeling and dealing? With he sacrifice another community’s well-being to make things better for his own? Will he hang his city’s factory workers out to dry so he can do something to benefit the town’s small businesses?

For this exercise, list your character’s internal goal, external goal, and what’s at stake. This is an especially useful exercise to do with a protagonist. Whenever your story gets stuck, remind yourself what the protagonist’s goals are, and that will often get you back on track.

Bonus: if you’re creating a character who is not the protagonist, write a short description (it might be just a single sentence) stating the character’s purpose to the story.

3. Coping with Conflict

Some say that story is conflict–just one conflict after another. These conflicts are constantly pushing characters toward their goals and pulling them away from their goals.

For this exercise, you’ll experiment with writing scenes that show your character coping with conflict. Write one scene where your character faces conflict and gets defeated. Write another where your character overcomes some conflict. If you’re working on a short story or novel, write scenes that take place outside of your story. Try to write a minimum of 1500 words per scene.

A Few More Activities for Creating Characters

  • Sketch picture of your character; search the web for images that resemble your character; or find video showing an actor, actress, or other public figure that you can use as a model for your character.
  • Create a character journal and write a few entries in the character’s voice about his or her daily life.
  • Write a letter from your character to a loved one (or write a letter from a loved one to your character).

Got any fiction writing exercises or activities that will help writers create characters? Share your thoughts and ideas in the comments.

Are you looking for more writing exercises? Pick up a copy of 101 Creative Writing Exercises, available in paperback and ebook.

101 creative writing exercises

About Melissa Donovan
Melissa Donovan is a website designer and copywriter. She writes fiction and poetry and is the founder and editor of Writing Forward, a blog packed with creative writing tips and ideas.

Comments

6 Responses to “Fiction Writing Exercises for Creating Characters”

  1. Great stuff, Melissa! I think that going through your character’s psychological profile is especially useful. Knowing what a character wants the most and threatening the heck out of it makes for a great story :)

    • Thanks Jessica! It sounds simple enough to determine what the protagonist wants but I find it can be hard to really pin down their deepest internal fears and desires. Tricky stuff!

  2. Jenna says:

    Awesome article. I have struggled with the backstory issue for quite some time. Taking your advice here and sharing it with my creative writing group!

  3. Chris Smith says:

    Great article. It made me realise I need to spend more time creating backstory for my characters. All too often I think I know my characters but then run into a brick wall.